Musculoskeletal Care

Musculoskeletal Care

Musculoskeletal conditions are problems that affects the muscles, ligaments and tendons, and bones in the body.

The causes of musculoskeletal pain are varied.  Muscle tissue can be damaged with the wear and tear of daily activities as well as trauma to an area.  Other causes of pain include postural strain, repetitive movements, overuse, and prolonged immobilization.  Changes in posture or poor body mechanics may bring about spinal alignment problems and muscle shortening, therefore causing other muscles to be misused and become painful.  Simple treatments for musculoskeletal problems include activity modification, NSAID’s, splinting, therapy, modalities, and steroid injections.  Basic injections can be performed for most conditions, should simple treatments prove to be ineffective.

Some general conditions treated include the following:

  • General shoulder problems
  • Tennis elbow
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Bursitis of the hip
  • Arthritis of the knee
  • Plantar faciitis
  • Ischial bursitis
  • Trigger point/muscular pain

 

What causes musculoskeletal pain?

The causes of musculoskeletal pain are varied. Muscle tissue can be damaged with the wear and tear of daily activities. Trauma to an area (jerking movements, auto accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct blows to the muscle) also can cause musculoskeletal pain.Other causes of pain include postural strain, repetitive movements, overuse, and prolonged immobilization. Changes in posture or poor body mechanics may bring about spinal alignment problems and muscle shortening, therefore causing other muscles to be misused and become painful.

What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?

People with musculoskeletal pain sometimes complain that their entire bodies ache. Their muscles may feel like they have been pulled or overworked. Sometimes, the muscles twitch or burn. Symptoms vary from person to person, but the common symptoms are:

  • Pain
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep Disturbances

 

How is musculoskeletal pain diagnosed?

Your doctor will conduct a thorough physical examination and medical history. In addition, your doctor may perform diagnostic studies to confirm the diagnosis.

How is musculoskeletal pain treated?

Different types of manual therapy, or mobilization, can be used to treat people with muscle, bone, and joint problems. For some acute musculoskeletal pain, these techniques have been shown to speed recovery. Simple treatments for musculoskeletal problems include activity modification, NSAID’s, splinting, therapy, modalities, and steroid injections. Medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAID’s), acetaminophen or opioids may be used to treat inflammation or pain. Basic injections can be performed for most conditions, should simple treatments prove to be ineffective.

Other treatments:

 Patients are always encouraged to try traditional and non-traditional medical treatments. They will typically be referred out for these other treatment modalities, which may include:

musloskeletal

  • Physical or Occupational Therapy
  • Acupuncture or Acupressure
  • Relaxation/Biofeedback Techniques
  • Osteopathic manipulation (a whole system of evaluation and treatment designed to achieve and maintain health by restoring normal function to the body)
  • Chiropractic care
  • Therapeutic massage

What is a Bursa and Tendon?

A bursa is a sac formed by two layers of synovial tissue that is located where there is friction between tendon and bone or skin and bone. A tendon is a type of connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone.

What is Bursitis and Tenosynovitis?

Sterile inflammation of a bursae (bursitis) or a tendon sheath (tendinitis) occurs in individuals, frequently after an injury or repetitive motion. Typical symptoms include localized pain that is worse with specific movements and is often improved with rest. Locations for bursitis include the olecranon (elbow), greater trochanter (hip), prepatellar (knee), and deltoid muscle (shoulder). Tenosynovitis frequently affects tendon sheaths in the wrist, hand, and ankle (peroneal, posterior tibial, and Achilles).

How is it treated?

Treatments for bursitis and tenosynovitis include activity modification, NSAIDs, splinting, therapy, modalities, and steroid injections. In rare cases, bursitis and tenosynovitis may become infected and may need antibiotics, cultures, and possible surgical evaluation.

READY TO SCHEDULE AN APPOINTMENT? CONTACT US NOW